Institutional Arrangements and Policies
The Ugandan constitution was adopted on October 8, 1995 by the interim, 284-member Constituent Assembly, charged with debating the draft constitution that had been proposed in May 1993. Uganda’s legal system since 1995 has been based on English common law and African customary law (customary law is in effect only when it does not conflict with statutory law). It is in this constitution that land tenure and land rights are enshrined. The Ugandan judiciary operates as an independent branch of government and consists of magistrate’s courts, high courts, courts of appeal, and the Supreme Court. Judges for the High Court are appointed by the president; Judges for the Court of Appeal are appointed by the president and approved by the legislature. The decisions of the courts form the body of law in Uganda by setting precedents.